Many practical musical possibilities   Music for Renaissance lute and Renaissance theorbo With the Gitarrone's additional upper a'-string, you can directly play Renaissance lute tablatures without having to re-tune: the exceptional interval of a major third, located between the 2nd and 3rd strings on a guitar (5,4,5,5,5), is shifted automatically to the position between the Gitarrone's third and fourth strings, just like on a lute (5,5,4,5,5). Thus, the first six strings feature the same tuning as a descant Renaissance lute: a', e', b, g, d, A; the seventh string is then tuned to G, the eighth to E. If you shift the playing area to strings 2 to 7 and re-tune the 4th string to f#, the result corresponds with the tuning of a tenor lute: e', b, f#, d, A, E. If you want to maintain the tuning of a 'standard lute' - i. e. an alto lute - you should tune the upper six strings two half-steps downwards to g', d', a, f, c, G; the seventh string is then tuned to F, the eighth to D, the 9th and 10th strings as required. If we then shift the playing area to strings 2 to 7, we obtain a bass lute tuning (d' a e c G D) by re-tuning the 4th string to e and the 7th string to D. Music for chitarrone (for ex. Kapsberger and Piccinini) In principle, the standard tuning for chitarrone is identical to that of the Gitarrone (both in a). However, the chitarrone's two upper strings are an octave lower; making its third string the highest in frequency (i. e. re-entrant tuning: a, e, b, g, d, A and descending diatonically from there on). If you want to play this music as faithfully as possible to the original, you should replace the Gitarrone's two upper strings for ex. with a g-string and a d-string, each of which are then tuned two half-steps upwards. Music for Baroque lute and Baroque theorbo The Baroque lute's thoroughly different tuning system (corresponding, in half-tones, to 3,5,4,3,5) entails other transcription difficulties; it is also well-nigh impossible to make the notes last as long as on a Baroque lute. In this case, the simplest alternative is to modify the Gitarrone's tuning as follows: g', e', b, g, e, A ,E ,D, C'#, B'. In other words, you only need to re-tune two of the upper six strings. The Gitarrone's four lower strings correspond exactly to the Baroque lute's four lower courses shifted two half-steps upwards. Alternatively, of course, one can also apply the exact tuning of a Baroque lute: f', d', a, f, d, G, D, C, B', A'. Since the Baroque lute has a total of thirteen courses, one has to somehow reproduce the remaining three courses on the Gitarrone fingerboard. Extensive trials have shown that this is quite unproblematic: the lute's 6th course is fingered on the sixth string's second fret, and the 7th course corresponds to the Gitarrone's open sixth string. The Baroque lute's 8th course is then fingered on the seventh string's third or fourth fret, the 9th course on the first or second (depending on the key you are playing in). The 10th course corresponds to the Gitarrone's seventh string, the 11th course to the eighth, the 12th course to the ninth and the 13th course to the tenth string. With just a little practice, the performer can soon sight read Baroque tablatures on the Gitarrone. For lower-lying bass notes, the Gitarrone's lower strings just need to be tuned down, with certain unavoidable compromises. Keyboard music In transcriptions of keyboard music where even the simplest pieces contain higher notes, the Gitarrone's additional upper a' string truly comes into its own. One of the Gitarrone's main functions is to enable the guitarist to play keyboard works in their standard notation, without having to make any octave transpositions. This requires much practice but is quite feasible for pieces of up to intermediate difficulty. Works of great complexity have to be simplified. On the other hand, typical harpsichord music descends only to C, and can thus be performed on the Gitarrone without any major inconveniences. Contra guitar, octave tuning and other special tunings By simply tuning the six lowest strings to e, B, G, E, A' and E', the Gitarrone can be used as a contra guitar. If you maintain its standard tuning and place a capo on the 7th fret, the six highest strings now sound as e'', b', g', d', a and e - thus corresponding to the tuning of an octave guitar. Thanks to the Gitarrone's extended fingerboard, you can play in octave guitar tuning all the way up to the highest frets. Without a capo, the Gitarrone's six highest strings in standard tuning are automatically identical with the quart guitar; lowering them two half-steps results in a terz (treble). The seven-string Russian guitar (tuned to d', b, g, d, h, G and D) can be played on the Gitarrone's 2nd to 8th strings retuned; the same applies to Brazilian guitar in standard guitar tuning but adding a bottom C or B'. Figured bass The Gitarrone's extended upper and lower ranges make it an ideal, easily transportable figured bass instrument capable of replacing a harpsichord or an archlute in Baroque ensembles.